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Common Name: Prairie Sandreed

Scientific Name: Calamovilfa longifolia

Native / Introduced: Native

Main Uses:

~Rangeland and pasture

~Sandy soil stabilization

~Wildlife habitat improvement

Height: 3 - 5 feet

Root Type: Sod

Growing Season: Warm

Soil Types: Sandy and loamy soils pereferred



Sun or Shade: Full sun

Minimum Precipitation: 10 – 12 inches

Lifecycle: Perennial

Planting Seed Rate: 5 - 8 lbs/acre

Estimated Seeds Per Pound: 274,000 seeds

Optimal Planting Season: Spring

Planting Depth: ½ inch

Stratification Requirements: None

Category: Grass



Prairie Sandreed exhibits a rhizomatous growth pattern and forms sod, displaying a drought-tolerant nature and a distinctive tall and slender appearance. It is a warm-season grass native to regions spanning from Manitoba to Quebec, Canada, extending southward to Idaho, Colorado, Kansas, and Indiana. Although it thrives best in sandy soils, it also performs reasonably well in loamy textures, and its ideal annual rainfall range is between 16 to 20 inches. This grass is prevalent across the continental USA, predominantly on sandy soils, with the exception of the southeastern United States.

Recognized as a vital species in grazing programs, Prairie Sandreed stands out due to its abundance, high yield potential, and the even distribution of herbage production throughout the growing season. It is commonly incorporated into native mixes for range seeding on sandy sites. Its significant role in stabilizing and revegetating sandy soils is attributed to its rhizomatous growth habit and extensive fibrous root system. Along the shores of the Great Lakes, it serves as an effective tool for wind erosion control, dune stabilization, and improvement of water quality.



NRCS Profile:

NRCS Plant Guide:

NRCS Fact Sheet:

Prairie Sandreed


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