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How To Order: Quantity options listed represent bulk weights. Examples: 1 = 1 lbs, 25 = 25 bs. 


Common Name: Arrowleaf Balsamroot

Scientific Name: Balsamorhiza sagittata

Native/Introduced: Native

Main Uses:

~Rangeland improvement

~Wildlife improvement

~Disturbed land restoration

~Beautification projects

Height: 1 1/2 - 2 1/2 feet

Colors: Yellow

Flowering Season: Spring

Elevation: 1,000 - 9,000 ft

Soil Types: Best on medium to fine textures and well-drained soils


~ Drought

~Slight Alkali, salt and acid

Sun or Shade: Partial to full sun

Minimum Precipitation: 10-14 in.

Lifecycle: Perennial

Native / Introduced: Native

Planting Seed Rate: 7-15 PLS/ac

Estimated Seeds Per Pound: 55,000

Optimal Planting Season: Fall

Planting Depth: 1/2 in.

Category: Forbs



As shown in the photos, Arrowleaf Balsamroot, or Balsamorhiza sagittata, thrives abundantly in the picturesque landscapes of Grand Teton National Park. Its yellow flowers are similar to Annual Sunflowers and its large, hairy, silvery-green leaves that grow primarily from the stem are similar to Mule’s Ears. This wildflower is predominantly found in the hill and mountain regions of the Western United States and Canada.


Extensively utilized by various Native American groups, almost every part of this plant served as a valuable food source. The roots, capable of being baked or steamed, along with the young shoots and immature flower stems, were consumed. Rich in nutrition and oils, Balsamroot seeds were a staple, doubling as a coffee substitute. Beyond its culinary applications, the plant had medicinal uses. Furthermore, its vibrant flowers attract diverse wildlife, making Arrowleaf Balsamroot an essential contributor to range and wildlife habitat improvement, especially as a pollinator.


Boasting a deep taproot, a characteristic reflected in its name, Arrowleaf Balsamroot excels as a soil stabilizer and exhibits remarkable drought and fire tolerance. Due to the many benefits listed above, this species plays a key role in many ecological restoration an improvement projects.


Arrowleaf Balsamroot’s seeds do require prolonged cool-moist stratification and then incubation at cold temperatures for germination. Under the best growing conditions, plants require 3 to 4 years to produce seed. While it does take a few years to establish fully, once established it becomes exceptionally tolerant to grazing and trampling.


USDA Link:

Arrowleaf Balsamroot Seeds


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