top of page

Common Name: Forage Kochia

Scientific Name: Bassia prostrata

Native / Introduced: Introduced

Main Uses:

~Wildlife habitat improvement
~Revegitation of disturbed sites

Height: 1 - 3 feet

Colors: Green stalks, upper stalk turns red late summer and fall

Flowering Season: July-September

Soil Types: All textures

Tolerances:   (not acid)

Sun or Shade: Full Sunlight

Minimum Precipitation: 6-8 inches

Lifecycle: Perennial

Planting Seed Rate (mixed with other species): 0.1-0.25 lbs/acre

DRILL Planting Rate: 2-3 lbs/acre

BROADCAST Planting Rate: 3-4 lbs/acre

Estimated Seeds Per Pound: 395,000

Optimal Planting Season: Winter

Planting Depth: Plant on snow is best in January - February

Stratification Required: Store in freezer and plant in late fall or early winter to ensure natural stratification



Forage Kochia is a semi-evergreen half-shrub that is adapted to semi-arid sites across much of the western United States. It can grow on all soil textures and is tolerant to alkali and salt, but not acid. It is also tolerant to shallow and low fertility soils and is both cold and heat tolerant.

Forage Kochia is very palatable and nutritious for both livestock and many species of wildlife year-round. It can establish and persist on very harsh sites, making it extremely valuable for range and wildlife habitat improvement. It is also used for revegetation of disturbed sites caused by mining, road and pipeline construction, etc. Immigrant Forage Kochia has been successfully established on a broad range of sites in the west, many of them very harsh and dry.

Forage Kochia resprouts from fire and provides good firebreaks. It competes well with cheatgrass and halogeton. The minimum precipitation required for Forage Kochia is 6-8 inches, and it is best planted in the fall or winter on top of rough surfaces or snow. It can be difficult to establish.



NRCS Plant Profile:

NRCS Plant Guide:

Forage Kochia


    Related Products