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How To Order: Quantity options listed represent bulk weights. Examples: 1 = 1 lbs, 25 = 25 bs.


Common Name: Hardstem Bulrush

Scientific Name: Schoenoplectus acutus occidentalis

Native / Introduced: Native

Main Uses: Wildlife wetland habitat restoration

Height: 4 - 8 feet

Root Type: Sod

Growing Season: Cool

Soil Types: Most soils covered in water

Tolerances: Alkaline, saline and brackish water

Sun or Shade: Full sun

Minimum Precipitation: 25+ inches

Lifecycle: Perennial

Planting Seed Rate: 5 - 7 lbs/acre

Estimated Seeds Per Pound: 400,000

Optimal Planting Season: Spring or fall

Planting Depth: Surface to 1/4 inch

Category: Grass



Hardstem Bulrush, scientifically known as Schoenoplectus acutus, is a water-dependent plant species characterized by its rhizomatous growth pattern. It thrives in wetland environments and often forms dense, thicket-like stands. This species is commonly distributed throughout a wide expanse of the western United States, primarily at elevations ranging from mid to low.


Typically, Hardstem Bulrush prefers to grow in shallow water and can adapt to a variety of soil textures. It displays a remarkable tolerance for water conditions that are alkaline, saline, or brackish. Furthermore, this plant is resilient and can resprout after wildfires, contributing to its ecological significance.


Hardstem Bulrush plays a pivotal role in wetland ecosystems as it offers excellent food sources, shelter, and habitat for a diverse range of wildlife species. This includes waterfowl, eagles, hawks, muskrats, and numerous others. Due to its ecological importance and its ability to enhance wetland environments, Hardstem Bulrush is considered a valuable species for wetlands restoration initiatives.



NRCS Profile:

NRCS Plant Guide:


Photo Credit: Nick Varvel

Hardstem Bulrush


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