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How To Order: This species is sold in quantities of 3 lbs. If you order Qty: 1, you are ordering 3 lbs. Examples: 1 = 3 lbs, 25 = 75 bs.


Common Name: Yellow Blossom Sweetclover

Scientific Name: Melilotus officinalis

Native / Introduced: Introduced

Main Uses:

~In mixes for pasture and rangeland plantings

~Plantings for soil improvement

~Reclamation projects

Height: 2-3 feet

Colors: Yellow flower with green foliage

Flowering Season: Spring to summer

Elevation: Up to 8,500 ft

Soil Types: Adapted to most soils


~Alkali and saline soil

~Poor soil conditions

~Drought and cold

Sun or Shade: Full sun

Minimum Precipitation: 10 - 12 inches

Lifecycle: Biennial

Planting Seed Rate: In mixes 0.25/acre

Estimated Seeds Per Pound: 260,000 seeds

Optimal Planting Season: Spring, summer, fall

Planting Depth: 1/4 - 1/2 inches

Category: Legume



Yellow Blossom Sweet Clover, a biennial legume native to Eurasia, has the potential to reach a height of 5 feet, featuring numerous green branches that produce long, thin clusters of small yellow flowers. This legume possesses the ability to self-reseed under conditions where competition from other plants is not overwhelming.


Yellow Blossom Sweet Clover is commonly found in various habitats, including roadsides, riparian zones, and communities at low to middle elevations. Functioning as a nitrogen-fixing legume, it exhibits remarkable adaptability, thriving in diverse soil conditions, ranging from strongly alkaline and saline to weakly acidic. Its tolerances include cold and drought, making it suitable for a wide range of environments.


Yellow Blossom Sweet Clover serves multiple purposes in agriculture and land management. Widely used in rangeland seedings, soil stabilization, and reclamation projects, as well as for pasture. It is recommended to plant it in a mix with other species in rangeland and pasture plantings, as it contains coumarin which when solely consumed by animals can be deadly.


Valuable for wildlife and livestock, this plant also acts as a pollinator. Its versatility extends to temporary pastures, hay cultivation, silage crops, and rapid ground cover on disturbed sites, contributing to range improvement projects.


NRCS Plant Profile:

NRCS Plant Guide:


Photo Credits: J. Gibson and Joshua Mayer

Yellow Blossom Sweet Clover Seeds


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